Methodology

Brainmapping and Imaging

Brainmapping captures normal and divergent developments of the human brain. Structure and function are mapped using "noninvasive" methods which become increasingly suitable for children. While magnetic resonance (MRI, fMRI, DTI) has a impressingly high spatial resolution, electrophysiological brainmapping (EEG-mapping and source localization) captures successive processing steps in real time. In tomographic neurofeedback training EEG-imaging is applied in therapeutic contexts.

Functional imaging in resting state or neuropsychological tests investigates single states, processes, perfomance or networks. EEG imaging is used in many studies concerning ADHD, dyslexia and neurofeedback. Imaging using MRI is applied by our partners in the Children Hospital and University Hospital in developmental and reading studies.

The more effortful, combined brain imaging brought new insights especially in capturing development, plasticity and training effects. It has been shown how the spatial structure of functional networks maturates in advance, followed by the fine-tuning and acceleration of processes in these networks. In most recent studies, mostly simultaneous measurements are used. They also capture the clinically important regulation of the resting state and the spontaneous fluctuations of rest and attention.